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CONTENTS №1 2022

POPULAR ANTHOLOGY

Khugaev I.S. The experience of a popular reader of Ossetian short prose: GeorgyMaliev «Death of the Herald»

 

CORNER OF THE MOTHERLAND

Chshiyev V.T. Some notable artifacts of the Faskau necropolis near the village Galiat, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania
Abstract. The article deals with the archaeological materials of the famous Faskau necropolis of the Koban culture of the Caucasus, which are noteworthy in terms of their functional and ritual purpose.
Keywords: the Faskau necropolis, the Koban archaeological culture of the Caucasus, weapons and votive items, symbolic artifacts of the material culture of the ancient population of the Caucasus

 

CIVILIZATION.CULTURE. PROGRESS

Salbiev T.K. Ossetian traditional dance Tymbylsimd (semantics and origin)
Abstract. The appeal to the song that accompanies the performance of the Ossetian mass dance Tymbylsimd (circular simd) allows us to identify the dancers with the first human couple represented in the epic - Wyryzmаg and Satanа. Participating in the dramatization of the events of the era of the “initial times”, during the performance of the dance, its participants reflect the stage of the merged state of the male and female principles, the separation of which within the framework of the Indo-European thunderstorm myth becomes the main condition for the transition to the usual state of the epic society.
Keywords: Ossetians, choreography, epic, thunderstorm myth, marriage semantics.

 

HISTORY

Tuallagov A.A. To the history of nykhas
Abstract. According to the conclusion of the researchers, the «nykhases of the Narts» and similar complexes are monuments of the Alanian period. In the past, they served as sanctuaries dedicated to a female deity and at the same time associated with judicial activities. The connection between the court and the cult of the Mother Goddess is correlated with some Ossetian folklore and ethnographic materials, which suggest the existence of an original ancient Iranian-Scythian-Alano-Ossetian parallel. The image of the goddess was originally associated with ideas about the world order and the law. Within the framework of her cult, the formation and functioning of courts could take place.
Keywords: nykhas, court, cult, Alans, Ossetians.

Gostieva L.К. From the history of the creation of the book «Ancient ossetians and Ossetia» (1903) by A.N. Kodzaev
Abstract. The main place in the creative heritage of A.N. Kodzaev is occupied by the historical and ethnographic monograph "Ancient Ossetians and Ossetia" (1903). The book is based on the author's essay for the degree of Candidate of theology, prepared within the walls of the St. Petersburg Theological Academy. The sources of the formation of the author's research interests are revealed: the development of issues of the history of Alan Christianity and the relationship of traditional religion and Christianity in the spiritual culture of Ossetians. The article considers the change in the views of scientists on the historical and ethnographic research of A.N. Kodzaev.
Keywords: A.N. Kodzaev, St. Petersburg Theological Academy, history, Alan Orthodoxy, Ossetians, Christianization

RakhnoK.Yu. Nart Epic and Dynastic Mythology of the Merovingian Frankish Kings
Abstract. The article offers Western European parallels to the birth of the trickster Syrdon in the Nart epic of the Ossetians. These are the dynastic myths of the famous Frankish royal family of the Merovingians, reflected in the chronicle of Fredegar. The ancestor of the Merovingian dynasty was born due to the fact that the queen on the seashore entered into a relationship with a monster in the form of a horse (centaur) associated with the sea god Neptune, as the chronicler calls him. As a result, all the Merovingians possessed certain bestial features, primarily the hair on the ridge, as reported by Byzantine and German sources. This miraculous origin was the justification for the sacred nature of the power of the Frankish monarchs. Traces of the same myth can be traced to another medieval Germanic people, the Lombards. They probably owe their appearance to the dynastic ties of the ruling Lombard family along the female line with the Merovingians. But there the myth about the origin of the prince from the sea monster, due to the overthrow of the young king Adaloald, who claimed to have such a supernatural origin and the sacralization of his power, received a negative assessment, was condemned and interpreted in the Christian spirit. It is in this form that it was recorded by the historian Paul the Deacon. The steppe, Iranian cultural, and possibly ethnogenetic ties of the medieval Franks make us pay more attention to the fact that the plot of the myth has something in common with the Scythian-Saka cult of the god of the sea Thagimasad as the ancestor of the royal dynasty. Images of a sea horse in Scythian art were associated with the veneration of Thagimasad. In the Nart epic Thagimasad corresponds to Donbettyr, who owns wonderful sea horses and is the ancestor of the ruling clan of Æhsærtæggatæ. From Dzerassæ's connection with DonbettyrGætæg, Syrdon is born, possessing a number of bestial features.
Keywords: Nart epic, Syrdon, Merovech, Merovingians, Franks, Lombards

Kagazezhev Z.V. Tau-Symbol in Adyghe Traditional Religion
Abstract. The study of symbolism in the traditional religion of the Adyghe is an important task for recreating a holistic picture of the history of the region. It is inextricably linked with ancient religious worldviews, the study of which reveals the phenomenon of the sacredness of the attribute in the Adyghe traditional religion. The article explores the meaning of the ancient attribute – Tau-symbol (Adyghe – Tkhepsch) and its significance in the traditional Adyghe religious system. The Tau-symbol was very popular among the Adygs until the end of the 19th century and was a sacred attribute of the worship of the Great God (Adyg. – Tkheshkhue). The study of the semantic understanding of the Tau-symbol and the rituals associated with it leads to the conclusion that the ideas of monotheism dominate in the Adyghe traditional religion, faith in the Great God –Tkhashkho (Adyg. – Tkheshkhue), the creator of the universe.
Keywords: Adygs, traditional religion, Tau-symbol, Tkhe, testimonies of contemporaries, religious system

Gassieva M.A. Мodern South Ossetian historiography and «uncomfortable topics»
Abstract. The aspects of the study of "uncomfortable topics", which in Soviet science have not found their objective reflection, evaluation and comprehension, are considered. In the 1990s, archives were declassified, and the history of Soviet reality was being revised. “Uncomfortable” questions in the past are becoming an independent object of study in historiography, including South Ossetian historiography. Scientific literature and journalism have published works interpreting the genocide of South Ossetians in 1920 and unjustified political repression in 1937–1938.
Keywords: «an uncomfortable topic», the genocide of 1920, Stalinist political repression, discrimination of the people, the right of the people to self-determination.

BatagovaL.Kh. The activities of the party and Soviet authorities of North Ossetia on pre-conscription training of youth in 1920s–1930s
Abstract. Based on archival materials introduced into scientific circulation for the first time, the article examines some aspects of the work of the party and Soviet authorities of North Ossetia with young people subject to conscription into the Red Army in the 1920s and 30s. The author analyzes the main directions, forms and methods implemented in the preparation of draft youth, identifying their positive and negative sides.
Keywords: conscript, pre-conscription training, North Ossetia.

Коdalaeva Kh.G. On the division of the Ossetian nation and the formation of the Republic of South Ossetia – the State of Alania
Abstract. The article examines the causes, nature and consequences of the separateness of the Ossetian people, which has de facto had the status of a divided people since 1920. The emphasis is placed on the fact that in the content of the Treaty between the RSFSR and the Georgian Democratic Republic of May 7, 1920, there was a lot of voluntaristic, subjective, which predetermined further dramatic events in relations between Georgia and South Ossetia, as well as Georgia and the Russian Federation.
Keywords: Ossetia, Georgia, treaty, RSFSR, Bolsheviks, voluntarism, Russian Empire

 

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Gurbanov A.G., Kral J., Gazeev V. M., Leksin A.B., Dokuchaev A.Y., Gurbanova O.A. Time of manifestation of uplift in the territory of the North Caucasus
Abstract. The fission-track dating method makes it possible to reconstruct the evolution of uplifts caused by tectonic processes.The purpose of research in the structural-formation zones (SFZ) of the Greater Caucasus (GC) are: 1) determination of the range of uplift in time;2) identification of zoning in the time of manifestation of the uplift;3) clarification of the connection between the manifestation of uplift and regional processes (thrust, collision, etc.).The objects of research are apatite crystals from granitoid and metamorphic rocks of the pre-Alpine basement. Research methodology. 44 samples weighing up to 15 kg each were taken from the massifs of granitoid and metamorphic rocks by the method of chips, with measurements of coordinates and elevations. Monomineral fractions of apatite were isolated by flotation and separation in heavy liquids. From each sample, 300–500 apatite crystals were taken, which were divided into two parts. In one part, the induced track density was determined - it was heated for five hours at 550 ° C to remove spontaneous tracks, and the second did not heat up. Then, samples of apatite in two parts were irradiated in a nuclear reactor. After irradiation, both spontaneous (ps) and induced track (pi) portions of the samples were placed in epoxy resin plates and etched under the same conditions (1 % HNO3, 5 minutes, 20 °C). The tracks were counted using an optical microscope. Results. The distribution of fission-track (FT) uplift ages in the SFZ GC showed that the Elbrus transverse fault is the western boundary of the Trans-Caucasian transverse uplift (T-CTU) zone, which is traced along the left side of the river valley. Baksan from the head of the river Azau in the south and up to Kavminvody in the north, dividing the GC territory into two blocks with different history of uplifts: western (from the Belaya river in the west to the Baksan river in the east) and eastern (from the Baksan river valley in the west to the Ardon river valley and possibly further east).Then, samples of apatite in two parts were irradiated in a nuclear reactor. After irradiation, both spontaneous (ps) and induced track (pi) portions of the samples were placed in epoxy resin plates and etched under the same conditions (1 % HNO3, 5 minutes, 20 ° C). The tracks were counted using an optical microscope. Results. The distribution of fission-track (FT) uplift ages in the SFZ GC showed that the Elbrus transverse fault is the western boundary of the Trans-Caucasian transverse uplift (T-CTU) zone, which is traced along the left side of the river valley. Baksan from the head of the river Azau in the south and up to Kavminvody in the north, dividing the GC territory into two blocks with different history of uplifts: western (from the Belaya river in the west to the Baksan river in the east) and eastern (from the Baksan river valley in the west to the Fiagdon river valley and possibly further east). An important role in the distribution of uplift times is played by the Elbrus transverse fault, which has features of rift-like structures.The research results have, in addition to scientific and practical importance - they are necessary when choosing safe places for the construction of small hydroelectric power plants in the mountainous regions of Russia.
Keywords: fish-track analysis of apatite crystals, determination of the time of uplift manifestation, structural-formational zones of the Greater Caucasus.

Sattarzade N.A., Novruzov N.A. Characteristics of minerological and geochemical features of Filizchaystratiform pyritic field (Great Caucasus, Azerbaijan)
Abstract. Filizchay pyritic-polymetallic field attributed to the Lower Jurassic (Upper Plinsbach) terrigeneous deposits is characterized by rich mineralogical composition, diversity of textural and structural peculiarities and wide geochemical spectrum. The major textural types of pyritic-polymetallic ore are laminated-banded, massive, spotty-impregnated and veinlet-impregnated. The basic ore minerals are pyrite, sphalerite, galenite, chalcopyrite and pyrrhotite represented by several generations. Determined that copper, zinc, lead and silver are the major commercially valuable components of ore.Higest concentrations of precious metals (gold and silver) are identified in oxidized ore of commercial-technological type of ore. In natural ore type the laminated-banded pyritic-polymetallic ore is the ore type most enriched by elements-impurities. Parameters of concentrations of elements-impurities and values of their quantitative ratios can be used as geochemical indicators of physical and chemical characteristics of ore deposition.
Keywords: Filizchaystratiform deposit, ore minerals, geochemical features of ore, cluster ana

 

CAUCASUS –«MOUNTAIN OF NATIONS»

A letter from L. Chibirov to Sh. Gapurov

 

PEOPLE OF SCIENCE

Dzidzoev V.D. A talented scientist and organizer of science (Dr., Professor Dena Karim-Sultanovich Bataev)

 

ANNIVERSARIES CONGRATULATIONS

Dzidzoev V.D. Becoming a scientist (to the 70th anniversary of the birth of Dr. Professor Vakhit Humidovich Akayev)

 

SCIENTIFIC LIFE

Science Day in Vladikavkaz

The review of the printed publications of VSC