Jack London. What Life Means to Me
CORNER OF THE FATHERLAND
Chshiev V.T. Upper Dzhulat / Tatartup – medieval metropolis of Оssetia-Аlania
Abstract. The article highlights the cultural heritage of medieval Alanian town of Upper Dzhulat / Tatartup.
Keywords: Upper Dzhulat, Tatartup, Zmeyskaya Alanic catacomb burial ground, Ossetia – Alania culture monuments of the epoch of High Middle Ages
Besolova F.K. A.V. Mikhailov’s hermeneutic space as a possibility of a new synthesis in literary studiеs
Abstract. Modern general scientific discourse, starting from a single, anthropological starting point, is fully consistent with the desire for synthesis: culture as a whole, its registers – high and low – in their own spaces and in interaction with each other. The works of A.V. Mikhailov, a prominent theorist of literature and culture, relying on the ideological constants of the era («historical-cultural axioms»), develop the idea of historical poetics as the idea of «reverse translation», set the cultural orientation of literary criticism and return the desired synthesis to theoretical and historical literary criticism. This logic of the study of «common horizons of the history of culture» as the meaning of the literary studies smoothly merges into the modern paradigm of culture.
Keywords: A.V. Mikhailov, general scientific discourse, synthesis, historical poetics, languages of culture, hermeneutic space.
Khugaev I.S. «Bourgeois Nationalist», «Revolutionary Democrate», «Orthodox Saint»: An Outline of the Historical Paradigm of Khetagurov Studies
Abstract. The article examines the process of assimilation of the creative heritage of Kosta Khetagurov by the Ossetian public and literary consciousness; it reveals the significance of his heritage for the Ossetian, North Caucasian and Russian fiction and journalism; it shows us a general overview of the complex of the most symptomatic judgments about the personality and work of K.L. Khetagurov, belonging by prominent figures of Ossetian and Russian science and culture; the most important moments of Khetagurov studies are recorded, indicating their socio-historical, cultural and ideological foundations; taking into account the historical dynamics of Khetagurov studies and current philological problems, a critical outline of its main modern positions and tendencies is offered.
Keywords: Ossetian literature, literary criticism, literary bilingualism and translinguism, enlightenment of the mountain peoples, Kosta Khetagurov, Khetagurov studies, ideology.
Gostieva L.K. From the history of the publication of the Ossetian Nart Sagas for the period of 1950– 2010
Abstract. The article highlights the history of the publication of the Ossetian Nart Sagas during the second half of the 1950s–2010s. The research activity on the collection and systematization of the texts of Nart legends is traced. The publications of the Nart Sagas in the period under review are analyzed. The author notes the significant successes of Russian historiography in publishing the Ossetian Nart Sagas.
Keywords: folklore, the Ossetian Nart Sagas, textual work, translations of the Nart legends, folklore records, cycles.
Dzidzoev V.D. About the Ethnogenesis of the Ossetian People
Abstract. The article is devoted to the origin of the Ossetian people and the discussions that have accompanied this problem for a long time. The author shows the existence of several versions of the origin of the Ossetian people, which existed not only in the Russian historical science, but also in the socio-political environment in the XIX-XX centuries. The opinions of Güldenstädt , Haxthausen, Pfaff, Sjögren, Miller and other well-known and little-known scientists are given on this issue. Particular importance is attached to the concept of Vsevolod Miller, as well as Julius Klaproth, who convincingly showed the genetic relationship of the medieval Alans of the North Caucasus with modern Ossetians.
Keywords: Ossetia, Russia, ethnogenesis, academician, scientist, Caucasus, researcher, South Ossetia, Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences, medieval Alania
Makutchev A.V. The mystery of the 1952 Cairo fire: conspiracy or social explosion?
Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of the prerequisites and driving forces of the Cairo fire or «Black Saturday», large-scale mass riots that took place in the Egyptian capital on January 26, 1952. The riots resulted in significant material damage to European property in the city and became the prologue to the 1952 revolution. The author examines the arguments of the theories that are presented in the historiography: provoking riots from the outside; their organization by nationalist movements; spontaneity of riots and their social essence.
Keywords: Cairo fire, «Black Saturday», mass riots, Egypt, July revolution 1952.
Sukhanov E.V. Polished ceramics of Yutanovsky burial ground of the Saltovo-Mayatsk Culture (chronology matters)
Abstract. The aim of the article is to describe possibilities of historical-cultural approach to the clay vessels shape study for the clarification of the relative chronology of the Saltovo-Mayatsk objects. Based on data on the mass traditions of creating the shape of vessels, this article proposes an approximate general chronological framework of the Yutanovsky burial ground, as well as its internal chronology. The results are confirmed by independent data.
Keywords: Saltovo-Mayatsk culture, the Middle Don, historical-cultural approach, polished ceramics
HISTORY OF SCIENCE
Shavshukova S.Yu., Mikhailova N.N. Scientific School of academician G.A. Tolstikov. Photochemical transformations of organic compounds
Abstract. The paper considers the results of the research on photochemical reactions obtained at the scientific school of academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences G.A. Tolstikov. A brief history of the creation and development of photochemistry and the study of photochemical processes in research organizations in Bashkiria during the 1940s-1980s are given.
Keywords: Bashkiria, G.A. Tolstikov, maleic anhydride, scientific school, photochemistry
Gurbanov A.G., Tuayev O.P., Gazeev V.M., Lexin A.B., Gurbanova O.A., Lolaev A.B. Polymetallic and gold-sulfide-quartz with epg mineralization, in the toar -aalen carbon-terrigenous flyschoid (black shale) strata of the fiagdon-terek metallogenic subzone of the samuro-belorechensk metallogenic zone (North Caucasus)
Abstract. Recently, in the field of Geology of gold deposits, a fundamental problem is to identify the nature and causes of platinum and palladium - bearing gold deposits established for a number of fields in the Far East, Chukotka, North-East Asia, the Urals, and the Tien Shan. Central Russia (ferruginous quartzites of the giant reserves of the KMA and BMA deposits), and in the last 15 years, the North Caucasus, where Au-Pt-Pd mineralization associated with the Devonian black shale was detected. In 2018, we have identified a new source of noble metal (Au-Pt-Pd) mineralization, associated with the early-medium-Jurassic black slates in the territory of Mountain Ossetia. The article provides information about the evolution of metal genetics in this part of the North Caucasus in the Kimmeria era. The main results of the search for gold-silver and gold-sulfide types of mineralization in Mountain Ossetia, conducted by JSC “Sevosegologorazvedka” and JSC “North-Caucasian PGO" within the Kakadur-Lamardon ore zone, which is part of the Avsandur-Lamardon ore field, are presented. It was conducted that the Toar-Aalen carbon-terrigenous flisoid (black-shale) strata, which holds the Kakadur-Hanikom and Kadat-Hampaladag polymetallic core deposits, as well as perspective ore bodies with vein and stockwork gold-containing lead-zinc and gold-sulphide-quartz types of mineralization, has increased (for S, Fe2O3, Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Zr, Pb, Sb, Rb, Ag, Au, Pd, Pt, Ru) metal content. A comprehensive analysis of the obtained data suggests that convection was the main mechanism for the formation of noble metal mineralization. The" trigger " for its launch could be zones of active faults, dissimilar movements which led, due to friction, to the heating of black shale stratum.As a result, there was a convection of heated in tectonically active zones vadose waters, located in the black shale strata, and their movement to the front part of the emerging hydrothermal-metasomatic column. This tectonic activity was observed in the studied area and was associated with the pre-Kelleway phase of folding
Keywords: polymetallic and gold-sulfide-quartz mineralization with EPG; metallogenic zone; gold_platinous black-shale type of mineralization, North Caucasus
Gazeev V.M., Gurbanov A.G., Gurbanova O.A. Industrial stones of the Northern Caucasus (onyx marble)
Abstract. Based on a study of geological reports, scientific publications and our own field investigation the list of industrial stones which are occurring at the Northern Caucasus have been established. Briefly geological description of the most typical manifestations and deposits of popularity industrial stones - onyx marble have been done. It was shown that in the region there are several morphological types of it manifestations 1 - in surfacial bed bodies of travertines; 2 - in a karst cavity in a limestone and gypsum of the Tithonian stage; 3 - separate veins and lenticular bodies. Colour gamma of onyx marble from northern Caucasus have been revealed. It is note, that their colour is vary from yellow with a shades of honey, amber and red up to saturated broun and dark-brown colour.. Probable age of this onyx marble have been consider.
Keywords: industrial stones, onyx marble, travertines, karst cavity, calcite,aragonite
Kaberti N.G. Certain parameters of the demographic forecast for the regions of the NC FD and methods of their calculation
Abstract. The article examines the main parameters of the demographic forecast of the population of the regions of the North Caucasus until 2036. The expected parameters of the population size, its structure and demographic processes are analyzed. Economic and mathematical forecasting methods are characterized.
Keywords: demographic forecast, forecast options, population size, fertility, mortality, forecasting methods.
Tuallagov A.A. The review of D.S. Korobov’s book «Alans of the North Caucasus: ethnos, archeology, paleogenetics»
Камил Bарга. The review of the three-volume edition on the history of the city of Yasberen
The review of the printed publications of VSC RAS
MEMORY OF THE SCIENTIST
Akhmed Ibragimovich Osmanov