Khugaev I.S. The experience of a popular reader of Ossetian short prose: Ahmed Tsalikov. «Tamerlan and the Mirror»
CORNER OF THE FATHERLAND
Chshiyev V.T. The Tliy necropolis is a reference monument of the ancient history of the Caucasus.
Abstract. The article examines the archaeological materials of the Tliy necropolis – the reference monument of the southern group of the central variant of the Koban culture of the Caucasus against the background of new artifacts of the Adaydon burial ground.
Keywords: The Tlij necropolis, the Koban archaeological culture of the Caucasus, items of armament and decorations of the early complexes of the Tlij and Adaidon burial grounds of the highlands of the Central Caucasus.
Chibirov L.A. The nart epic – an artistic biography of the ossetian people
Abstract. The living life of Ossetians is characterized by the richness and diversity of Nart legends, this artistic autobiography of the Ossetian people. All the main features of the life and way of life of his epic ancestors have been clearly preserved in the consciousness of the people. The awareness of the inseparable unity was so deep that some families in Ossetia traced their origin to the sleds (Meletinsky). The Nart legends recreate vivid pictures of the life of the people, absorbed many features of everyday life, as clearly evidenced by the parallels and comparisons from the life and customs of the Nart and Ossetians given in the article. Heroic tales continue to live in the subconscious of the Ossetian people. As long as the people need his stories, they retain their vitality
Keywords: тhe Nart epic, Narts and Ossetians, Customs, Rites, Parallels, Comparisons
Vdovchenkov E.V. Double Sarmatian ethnonyms on the Pevtinger map as a reflection of the Sarmatization of the Caucasus
Abstract. The article considers the problem of interpretation of the double names of the Pevtinger map on the example of Sarmatians-Svans and Sarmatians-Sasons. The tradition of using double Sarmatian names in Pevtinger map is analyzed. The assumption is put forward about the correspondence of the Sarmatians-Svans to the group of Podkumok-Humaralocated in the area of Pyatigorsk and the Upper Reaches of the Kuban in the I century BC – the end of the IV century AD.
Keywords: Sarmatization, Pevtinger's map, the North Caucasus, Sarmatians-Svans, Sarmatians-Masons, Alans, a group of Podkumok-Humara, a group of Chegem-Manaskent.
Chibirov A.L. Dzambulat Dzanti: Ossetian antiquities through the eyes of an emigrant
Abstract. In 1933, the «Ossetia» journal began to be published in Paris, the editor-in-chief of which was Dz. Dzanti – a public figure, organizer, fascinated by the past of Ossetia, who managed to attract such scientists as G.V. Vernadsky and Yu.N. Roerich. Nine issues of the journal «Ossetia», that were published in five books from January 1st to September 1933, contain publications written in three languages – French, Russian, Ossetian. In 1932, together with his emigrant friends, Dzambulat Dzanti organized a center for Ossetian studies in Paris, the «Institute of Ossetian Studies». From 1953 to 1955 the center issued 6 editions of the journal. In 1956, a small joint article by Georgy Vernadsky and Dzambulat Dzanti was published under the title «Ossetian legend about Iry Dada and Mstislav».
Keywords: Dzanti, Roerich, Vernadsky, Ossetia, Iry Dada
Narozhny E.I. About two late medieval vessels from Makhchesk in Digoria from the collection of P.S. Uvarova
Abstract. The glass and earthenware jugs from Makhcheska in Digoria, published back in 1900 by P.S. Uvarova– are exclusive and historically important artifacts. Dated by M.Z. Ketbieva and V.A. Kuznetsov to the XIII-XV centuries, both objects are considered by them as products from medieval «Italy and China». However, there are other points of view not used by them. These observations allow us to consider the volume of the jug as imports from the Crimea of the last quarter of the XV and the first half. XVI centuries. However, there are other points of view not used by them. These observations allow us to consider the vo-lume of the jug as imports from the Crimea of the last quarter of the XV and the first half XVI centuries. Clarifications open up other possibilities both in the historical and cultural attribution of both subjects, and in determining the time and conditions of their appearance in Digoria.
Keywords: North Ossetia, Makhchesk, Digoria, Crimean imports of the XV-XVI centuries, the genus of Badilyat and their migration.
Polyakov A.N. The origin of Russia and Great Moravia
Abstract. The origin of Russia is the most important issue facing the national historical science. Along with other factors, it has a significant impact on the formation of national identity, and is directly related to the problem of the role of the Normans in the formation of the Old Russian state, which often has not only a purely scientific, but also a socio-political sound. The historiography of the issue is extensive. However, the solution to the problem is far from complete due to insufficient and ambiguous sources. The purpose of the article is to propose a new approach to the study and to substantiate the hypothesis that the emergence of Russia is directly related to the death of one of the first Slavic states – Great Moravia. The subject of the study is the processes of the formation of Russia in the Middle Dnieper region in the IX–X centuries. The research is based on the identification of the archaeological connections of the emerging Ancient Russian culture and their comparison with the data of written sources. According to the author, the Old Russian civilization arises after the death of the Great Moravian state and under its influence. On the basis of archaeological and written sources, the author comes to the conclusion that the Russ came to the Middle Dnieper region from the territory of Great Moravia, borrowing from there samples of a new civilized way of life and a form of statehood. The researcher believes that the Moravian origin of the Rus explains the features of the development of ancient Russian cities and the character of fortifications, the terminological connection of the Russian Truth and the Police Statute, the spread of inhumation in the Middle Dnieper region in the middle –second half of the X century, the sudden appearance of new jewelry techniques, jewelry and circular ceramics, which have analogues in Great Moravia.
Keywords: Ibn Ruste, stone burials, Moravia, The Tale of Bygone years, Rus.
Rubaeva E.M. The economic factor and the process of indigenization in North Ossetia in the 1920s-1930s.
Abstract. The article deals with the policy of indigenization in North Ossetia. The author explores the ambiguity, inconsistency and complexity of this problem, determines the significance of the geographical location of the region, the specifics of economic relations, the educational level of the local population, which were the basis for solving the problems set by the Soviet authorities in the national republic. Based on the study of the historiography of the issue, as well as the introduction of little-known archival documents into scientific circulation, the article determines the fundamental role of the economic factor in the process of indigenization.
Keywords: accelerated indigenization, economic factor, specifics of the traditional economy of the highlanders, nationalization of the Ossetian school, economic isolation of the region, national party and economic elite.
Dokuchaev A.Y., Lobanov K.V., Gurbanov A.G., Kulakov F.V., Kurdyukov E. B., Chicherov M.V., Myasnikov A.V. Polar research in the conditions of climate change (Part 1. XVI century – the beginning of XX century)
Abstract. The Ore-Petrographic Museum of the IGEM RAS contains documents and geological collections associated with the names of E.V. Toll, F.P. Litke, A.V. Kolchak, F.N. Chernyshev, O.O. Backlund, R.L. Samoilovich, L.M. Starokadomsky, S.V. Obruchev and many other outstanding scientists who explored the Svalbard archipelago, the Arctic regions Russia (coast, islands) and the waters of the Arctic Ocean seas (SLO). Expeditions to previously unexplored areas of the Arctic pursued not only scientific goals: they were also aimed at expanding the borders of Russian possessions and practical development of the Northern Sea Route. Until the beginning of the 20th century the Russian Polar Expedition (RPE, 1900–1902), the Hydrographic Expedition of the Arctic Ocean (HEAO, 1910–1915), many other expeditions to the subpolar regions of the Arctic Ocean, as a rule, took place in extremely unfavorable weather conditions, sometimes with human casualties. The article considers the issue of climate change that influenced the conduct of polar expeditions to study and develop the Arctic Ocean and the coast of the Russian Arctic until the beginning of the 20th century.
Keywords: Arctic, Arctic Ocean, Novaya Zemlya, Novosibirsk Islands, Russian Polar Expedition, Kara Sea, Little Ice Age, climate.
Kutateladze S.S. Leaders and reform in science
CONTRIBUTION TO SCIENCE
Dzidzoev V.D. Adam Maremovich Nakhushev (1938–2018)
Kolmogorov readings in Vladikavkaz
The review of the printed publications of VSC
Professor P.M. Ivanov – 80 years old
Khariton Mayorovich Khubaev – 75 years old