Khugaev I.S. The stories of BatyrbekTuganov and their significance in the history of Ossetian Russian-language prose
Abstract. The article provides a comprehensive review of the ideological and artistic content of the stories of BatyrbekTuganov, one of the most prominent representatives of the Ossetian (Russian – language) literature of the turn of the XIX and XX centuries; their features are recorded in comparison with the texts of the corresponding genre belonging to the predecessors of Tuganov, namely, I. Kanukov and K. Khetagurov and their significance in the formation of Ossetian literary bilingualism.
Keywords: enlightenment, Ossetian Russian-language literature, short story, novella, plot, composition, Tuganov, Kanukov, Khetagurov
Kulumbegov R.P. The ritual and ritual folklore in the agricultural culture of the ossetians
Abstract. The ritual and the corresponding ritual folklore are an important part of folk culture. Each stage of human domesticity was accompanied by a separate ritual, designed to ensure the success of his labors. A magical ritual, songs-appeals to heavenly forces – all this was the basis of the actions of the highlander, worried about the harvest of his fields.
Keywords: ceremony, ritual, song, making rain.
Tsorieva I.T. Creativity of the artists MakharbekTuganov and AzanbekDzhanayev in the context of continuity in the national culture
Abstract. The article examines the theme of continuity in national culture on the example of the creative work of MakharbekSafarovichTuganov and AzanbekVasilyevichDzhanaev – one of the founders of the professional fine arts of Ossetia. The author traces the continuity in the life and activities of two outstanding Ossetian artists, and also concludes that their creative work not only enriched the fine arts of Ossetia, but also expanded the horizons of national identity and national memory.
Keywords: national culture, cultural continuity, Ossetian fine arts, Ossetian artists, MakharbekTuganov, AzanbekDzhanaev.
Plieva М.G. MakharbekSafarovichTuganov and Boris AlexandrovichGalaev. Features of creative dialogue
Abstract. The article, based on the documentary material, highlights some aspects of the multi-faseted creative heritage of the artist M.S. Tuganov and the composer B.A. Galaev, introduces the updated facts of the biography, ethnographic and pedagogical activities. The creative tandem of outstanding representatives of the Ossetian art of the XX century is explored in this article for the first time. The author’s vision for the dating of the first Ossetian opera is presented
Keywords: ethnography; composer and artist; creative tandem; formation of the Ossetian professional music and art school.
Denisov S.A. Pogezanian lieges in the State of Teutonic Order in 1261–1370
Abstract. The article deals with the incorporation of inhabitants of Pogezania one of the western Prussian lands, into the Order’s system of fief land ownership in 1261–1370. The main part of lieges (173 from 176 persons) consisted of individuals, who were obliged to keep military service and to pay taxes (group 1) or free from any payment (group 2). The growth of their number was caused by needs of Order in military force and incomes from the land estates for the struggle with Grand Duchy of Lithuania for the leadership in South-East of Baltic region.
Keywords: Pogezania; Teutonic order; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; Prussians; lieges’ landholding
Tuallagov A.A. About the supreme power of the Alans
Abstract. The article is devoted to the issues of the ideological design of the supreme power in early medieval Alania and its direct inheritance. Written sources suggest that in the first question, Alania followed the general traditions of the Iranian world, which inherited the corresponding common Indo-European ideas. In the second question, the succession to the throne is assumed through the younger sons of the rulers.
Keywords: Alans, Alania, supreme power, written sources
DokuchaevA.Ya., Kulakov F.V., Gurbanov A.G., Lobanov K.V., Kurdyukov E.B., Smolyaninova V. N., Polyakova M.V. Russian Polar expedition and geopolitical interests at the turn of the XIXth and XXth centuries. Part 1. Russian Polar expedition: target - Bering Strait
Abstract. The Russian Polar expedition (RPE) in fiction and historical literature is usually regarded as an expedition in search of the legendary Sannikov Land. But the RPE was no less important from the point of view of Russia’s geopolitical interests: it had a wide scientific and public resonance, was under the supreme patronage of the President of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich. At the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries, a tense internal and external socio-political situation developed on the northeastern and eastern borders of Russia. In this regard, the RPE was tasked with «promoting the occupation of the Arctic islands and ensuring their fishing wealth for Russian industrialists, as well as showing the possibility of utilizing the path to the Bering Strait.» In the first part of the article, on a documentary basis, possible reasons for the disagreements between the head of the expedition, geologist E.V. Toll and the commander of the yacht «Zarya» Lieutenant N.N. Kolomeytsev reviewed. The human factor (first of all, the conflict between the two RPE leaders and the language barrier), extremely unfavorable weather conditions and other objective reasons led to the death of people and the relative failure of the expedition that did not reach the Bering Strait. In the second part of the article the main attention will be paid to the geopolitical significance of the expeditions with the participation of E.V. Toll and his associates in the Russian Polar expedition.
Keywords: Russian Polar expedition, Sannikov Land, Bering Straight, Alaska, Eduard von Toll, E.V. Toll, N.N. Kolomeitsev, A.V. Kolchak, F.A. Matisen.
Shcherbinin D.Y. To the 60th anniversary of the flight of Yu.A.Gagarin into outer space. The flight of the first experimental satellite «Vostok-1P» as a key moment in the formation of the Soviet manned astronautics
Abstract. . In the history of Soviet rocket and space technology we can identify a number of key events that influenced it’s development. Such events in the middle of the 20th century include the launch of the experimental satellite «Vostok-1P», which took place on May 15, 1960. This was preceded by a period of decisions that were unique for the 1950-60s scientific and technical problems and organizational issues at the level of interaction between state enterprises and organizations. The flight results determined the further program of test flights of manned and unmanned satellite ships in the USSR. The experimental flight of the satellite spacecraft has shown the correctness of the basic theoretical provisions and engineering design decisions taken when creating an oriented spacecraft. Later, on the basis of the «Vostok» satellite ship, the «Vostok-3A» and «Voskhod» manned spacecraft and «Zenit» reconnaissance satellites were developed. In the history of science and technology, the development of «Vostok» satellites is a vivid example of solving a fundamental problem that contributed to the strengthening of the scientific and technical potential of the Soviet Union in the interests of space exploration.
Keywords: satellite, reconnaissance satellite, cosmonautics, Soviet space, spacecraft.
Gurbanov A.G., Gazeev V. M., Gurbanova O.A. Possibilities of radiocarbon (14C) method for age determination of geological events in the Elbrus volcanic centre area
Abstract. Radiocarbon (14C) method makes possible to dating of geological events on detritus and older coals from buried soil from 40-50 thousands years ago up to hundreds years. However, for its wide applica-tion within of Elbrus volcanic centre (altitude of Elbrus volcano is 5642 m) for dating time of separate lava flows eruption, there are an objective boundaries. They are implies that starting with altitude of 3300 m and higher in the Northern Caucasian mountains the grass and handicraft and soil with humus are absent, and just on this altitude the most part of Holocene lava flows and tuff horizons are located and with 3700 m and higher volcano is covered by glaciers and perpetual snow (firn). As a result of carried out investigation for Holocene the density of recurrence of Elbrus volcano eruptions and earthquakes manifestation in Elbrus volcanic area have been established. As a sum the important relationship, testifies that to the end of Holocene the density of recurrence of Elbrus eruptions and earthquakes are sharply increase. Agreement in time between volcanic and seismic activity (but manifestation the second one was some early then first one). In so doing, periods of volcanic and seismic activity are sharply increase, but periods of rest are shrink. This data have an important relationship for estimation possibility of restating of volcanic and seismic activities in Elbrus volcanic area in geological future.
Keywords: Radiocarbon (14C) method of dating, Elbrus volcano centre, eruption, earthquake, burial soil, lava flow, tefra, lahar, rock collapse, dam lake.
Ganbarova E.F. About new promising fields and ore occurrences of the southern slope of Greater Caucasus (Azerbaijan)
Abstract. The article is devoted to the prospects of new identified ore occurrences in the Azerbaijanian part of the Greater Caucasus. It is established that both pyrrhic-polymetallic and copper-pyrrhotite and sulfur-pyrrhotite ores of various deposits and ore occurrences occupy very different stratigraphic levels of the section, starting from the Toar to the upper Aalen inclusive – and it is important to note that this entire age range essentially consists of alternating layers of clay shales, mudstones, sandstones, and siltstones. The geological and structural positions and the results of testing allow us to classify these areas as promising and consider them objects of further study by a complex of geological, geochemical and geophysical studies and drilling operations. A brief description of the most interesting and more thoroughly studied manifestations of ore deposits and manifestations is given.
Keywords: prospects of new identified ore occurrences, Greater Caucasus, pyrite-polymetallic, copper-pyrrhotite and sulfur-pyrite ores, geological-genetic and prospecting signs
Gasanov M.A. Theory and practice of analysis of spatial development and effective functioning of the industrial infrastructure of the region
Abstract. The article deals with the theory and practice of the analysis of spatial development and effective functioning of the industrial and industrial economy of the region in the context of global challenges. The main directions of the formation of fruitful management of economic development of the sectoral infrastructure are investigated. Ensuring and increasing the connectivity of foreign economic activity in the North Caucasus Federal District through modern infrastructure and communications. Achieving this goal should become a strategic priority for the sustainable functioning of the infrastructure of the integrating links platform. In the course of the study, the methods of economic and statistical analysis were used. The results of the work can be applied for the prospective development of industrial infrastructure on the platform of foreign economic activity of the country and its regions, as well as applied in forecasting and analyzing the structural components of the sectors of the economy of foreign economic activity. Based on the results of the research, it was concluded that the practical use of the author’s concept will accelerate market transformations in the industries of the industrial infrastructure of foreign economic activity, create favorable conditions for business development, increase the efficiency of enterprises in the industry, balanced development of various types of foreign economic activity infrastructure, and export infrastructure services.
Keywords: : analysis, development, theory and practice, effective functioning, region, sectors of the economy.
CONTRIBUTION TO SCIENCE
Kuzminov P.A., Chibirov L.A. Scientific school of Professor V.D. Dzidzoev
Abstract. The article analyzes the complex process of the formation of the scientific school of Professor V. D. Dzidzoev, which employs dozens of young specialists from different regions of the Russian Federation. Dzidzoev has published more than 460 scientific and popular scientific works (about 50 of them in co-authorship), including 32 monographs and pamphlets. Under the leadership of Dzidzoev, 40 candidate’s and 7 doctoral theses were defended in three specialties: 1. Russian history – 07.00.02; 2. Political Science – 23.00.02 («Political institutions, ethnopoliticalconflictology, national and political processes and technologies»); 3. Theory and history of law and state. Professor V.D. Dzidzoev was awarded the honorary titles of «Honored Scientist» of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania (2000), the Republic of South Ossetia (2001), the Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria (2012), the Republic of Dagestan (2017). He is a professor of the Higher Attestation Commission in three specialties: national history (1995), political science (2001), theory of state and law (2017).
Keywords: Professor, scientific school, postgraduates, doctoral students, articles, monographs
Kolmogorov readings in Vladikavkaz
The review of the printed publications of VSC