Gurbanov A.G., Leksin A.B., Gazeev V.M., Gurbanova O.A., Lolayev A.B., Oganesyan A.Kh., Dzeboev S.O. Ecological condition of the Ardon river waters and assessment of the impact of their polluting effects on the Terek river waters – the fishery object of the first category
Abstract. The new data published firstly of the calculated quantity (in kg/month) metals and metalloids issued on submountain
plain by contaminated with wastes of the SLZC Ardon river waters. Based on a comparative analysis of the quantities of
metals, take a wayed by waters of the Ardon river, identified another major source of the technogenic pollution of its waters in
the plains of alluvial sediment deposition submitted.
Environmental condition of the water in the Ardon river, and therefore in the higher-order river-Terek as a fisheries values
reservoir deteriorated and 90 hectares of spawning and bottom areas for valuable breeds of fishes derived from its turnover
(2001-2003). However, according to the data in 2015 year the conditions of the Ardon river waters deteriorating and will
deteriorate continuously, which eventually may lead to an environmental disaster of the federal level.
Analysis of all recent and previously published data showed that it is expedient to conduct research at the federal level testing
(water and bottom sediments) in selected checkpoints:
- in the mouths of the Terek river flows - Ardon, Fiagdon and Baksan rivers, which drain the numerous deposits of Sadon and
Tyrnyauz ore fi elds with Unal, Fiagdon and Tyrnyauz tailings;
- in the Terek river after the confluence of the lower order rivers - Ardón, Fiagdon and Baksan (Malka) and further down on
its fl ow, until its confluence into the Caspian Sea.
The selection of representative samples of silts and water in Terek river delta it is also useful, as when mixing of relatively
cold fresh river water enriched with a number of metals with warm salty sea water with different pH and eH, may occur natural
geochemical barrier, where more than 90 years the accumulation of deposition of number of metals and metalloids occurs.
This process can lead to the formation of an integrated of sedimentary deposits. The results of the analysis of samples
taken will confirm or deny our assumption.
Gazaev Kh.-M.M., Bozieva J. H. Comparison of the temperature in the surface layer of the atmosphere at two meteorological points in Kabardino-Balkaria State Nature Reserve
Abstract. The article compares the average temperature of the surface layer of the atmosphere at two meteorological
stations: «Verkhnaya-Balkaria» and «Bezengi» located on the territory of the reserve at different altitudes above sea level
- 1049 m and 1700 m. As a result of the data comparison collected for a three-year period (2011-2013), it was revealed
that the difference between mean monthly temperatures of the surface layer of the atmosphere increases from year to
Dzodzikova М.Е., Zgoeva L.M., Turiev A.V., Turieva D.V. Soil chemistry in the surrounding area of the village Unal in North Ossetia
Abstract. A chemical analysis of the soil has been carried out by the mass spectrometry method on the territory of
the village Nizhniy Unal in North Ossetia. 50 chemical elements were identified, but the main emphasis of the paper
was focused on the content of elements of the three major classes of hygiene hazard.
It was found that in the group of hygiene hazard elements of the first class, the Lead content in the samples, on
average, exceeds the maximum permissible concentration (MPC) by 3.3 times; Zinc by 6.8 times; Cadmium by 2.3
times; Arsenic 4 times; the mercury content was below the MPC by 4.1 times. It is obvious that there is exceedance
of cobalt by 3.3 times, in the group of hygiene hazard elements of the second class. The concentration of copper,
nickel, molybdenum and chromium was significantly lower than the MPC. The study indicates that the heavy metal
content in the soil of the village Nizhniy Unal in some cases exceed the standard of the MPC.
Badov A.D. Geography of drug-related crime in Russia: new trend
Abstract. The relationship between drug-related crime and overall level of criminality, spread of drug addiction and
infectious diseases, including AIDS, hepatitis, etc., is revealed. The geographical factors of drug crime are determined;
the dynamics of crimes in the sphere of illicit drug trafficking in Russia for the period of 1990-2015 is calculated; the main
directions of drug trafficking and territorial differentiation of drug crime in the country are identified. It has been determined
that one of the main factors of the sharp increase in drug-related crime in the country was the formation and emergence of
the «Northern Route» of drug trafficking from Afghanistan. The presence of porous borders with Kazakhstan and Central
Asian countries favoured the development of the «Northern Route». The «Northern Route» was originally oriented as a
drug trafficking route through Russia to Europe, but it gradually became a drug trafficking route to Russia. Thus, Russia
has become the most drug addicted country in the world. It has been established that the highest level of drug crimes is
observed either in the regions that are situated on drug traffic routes, in the ones considered as drug suppliers, or in rich
regions. It has been determined that the structure of drug consumption is gradually changing. A sustained trend has been
identified from west to east: the level of drug crime is gradually increasing with the movement in this direction.