TO THE 120TH ANNIVERSARY OF VASILY IVANOVICH ABAEV
Chibirov L.A. About one unknown speech of V.I. Abaev
Khugaev I.S. The experience of a popular compilation of Ossetian Russian-language small prose: G.M. Tsagolov
CORNER OF THE FATHERLAND
Chshiev V.T. Some monuments of material culture of the medieval city of upper Dzhulat / Tatartup
Abstract. The article examines the medieval monuments of the cultural heritage of the Upper Dzhulat / Tatartup settlement, as well as the «Elkhotovo stone cross» associated with this ancient metropolis.
Keywords: Upper Dzhulat, Tatartup, Zmeyskaya Alanic catacomb burial ground, Ossetia-Alania culture monuments of the epoch of High Middle Ages, «Elkhotovo stone cross», «Kambileevsky stone cross».
Khugaev I.S. «Tazit complex»: to the problem of Pushkin reminiscences among the coryphaeus of ossetian literature
Abstract. The article examines the ideological and emotional tendency of the Ossetian Enlightenment in terms of reforming the patriarchal ethics and adat into a properly educational ideology; substantiates the methodological meaning of the concept of «Tazit complex» in relation to the psychology of the first Ossetian writers and the initial stage of development of the Ossetian professional fiction.
Keywords: Ossetian literature, enlightenment, Christianity, “Old Testament”, “New Testament”, blood feud, Tazit complex, Tazit, Izmail-bey, Ammalat-bek, Hasana, Gosama, Inaluko Tkhostov, Alexander Kubalov, Kosta Khetagurov
Mamieva I.V. «White dove with snowflake on the wing» (Sketches for the creative portrait of Alexei Dmitrievich Bukulov)
Abstract. The article traces the main stages of the literary activity of A.D. Bukulov. Through the prism of the evolution of creativity, in the context of the dynamics of historical, ideological, socio-cultural transformations in society, the problems and features of the author’s individual style, elements of narrative strategies, innovation in the field of novel poetics are examined. Special attention is paid to the small prose of the writer in the last period of his life, the acute actualization of issues of morality and humanism, the accentuated depiction of the ethno-mental traits of the characters in the aspect of the motivation of their actions and deeds are noted.
Keywords: A.D. Bukulov, milestones of life, stages of creativity, motive-thematic complex, humanistic problems.
Chochiev G.V. The role of the cimmerians and scythians in the destruction of the state of urartu
Abstract. The Cimmerians and Scythians who, starting from the first half of the VIII century BC, migrated in large numbers from the Northern Black Sea region to Western Asia, played a significant and controversial role in the fate of many peoples of the region. The Urartian kingdom was subjected to very intense pressure from these steppe horse nomads. If the struggle with the Cimmerians had severe but transient consequences for him, then the military activity of the Scythians at the turn of the VII–VI centuries BC turned out to be fatal for the Urartian statehood. This article briefly traces the stages of the relationship between Urartu and the nomads and provides some data from modern Turkish archeology in Eastern Anatolia, indicating the destruction of the main Urartian fortresses in the area of Lake Van by the Scythians.
Keywords: Cimmerians, Scythians, Urartu, migration, archaeological data.
Dzidzoev V.D. On the significance of the pass roads between Оssetia and Georgia in the ancient and medieval periods and Ossetian-Georgian relations
Abstract. The article deals with the relations between Georgia and Ossetia, which were formed over many centuries, starting from the ancient period. The relationship in the medieval period was particularly intense. The focus is on the strategic and geopolitical significance of the pass roads between the North Caucasus and Transcaucasia, which are known from ancient written sources.
Keywords: Georgia, Ossetia, Kartvelian tribes, Alans, Sarmatians, Scythians, Lazika, Kartli, Colchis, Central Caucasus, Tsitsianov, Georgian Military Road, Dvaletskaya road, Western Ossetia (Digoria), Western Georgia.
Bitsoti B.B. Borders and status of Ossetia in the notes of Jackob Reineggs
Abstract. The article analyzes information about Ossetia, its borders and status reported by the famous German traveler, doctor and diplomat of the 18th century Jacob Reineggs. Descriptions of Ossetia contain two main works of Reineggs on the Caucasus, the earlier of which is a note about the Kartli-Kakhetian kingdom, published in the scientific collection of academician Peter Simon Pallas, is of particular interest. This source fell out of sight of historians who wrote about the period of the XVIII century, primarily due to the lack of translation into Russian. It is exactly in this note that Reineggs marks the borders of the Kartli-Kakhetian kingdom with the Ossetians. Reineggs’ testimony also allows you to get a more detailed picture of the status of Ossetia in this period.
Keywords: Ossetia in the XVIII century, the borders of Ossetia, religion of ossetians, the Treaty of Georgievsk, Jakob Reineggs, Catherine the Great, Heraclius II.
Dzugaev K.G. «Stalin’s shooting lists» and repressions of 1937–1938 in South Ossetia
Abstract. The article provides a comparative analysis of «Stalin’s shooting lists» and the lists of repressed in South Ossetia, the features of the punitive policy in Georgia in 1937-1938 is specified.
Keywords: Stalin’s shooting lists, repressions of 1937, Georgia, South Ossetia.
Kulumbegov R.P. Toponymy as a source of information about the agricultural life of ossetians
Abstract. The article considers toponyms that reflect the employment of Ossetians in agriculture labor. The geographical names represent the knowledge of the people about the nature of soils, the set of cultivated crops and agricultural techniques aimed at increasing the yield of fields. Names related to labor processes on land are presented separately: plowing, export and storage of harvest, its threshing and storage. The presence of a significant number of agricultural terms in the toponymy of Ossetia indicates the development of agriculture as an important element of the economic life of the people.
Keywords: toponymy, agriculture, plowing, mill, irrigation.
Gazeev V.M., Gurbanov A.G., Gerasimov V.Yu., Gurbanova O.A. Industrial stones of the Northern Caucasus (jasper, chalcedony, agate, silicon)
Abstract. Based on a study of geological reports, scientific publications and our own field investigation, the list of popular industrial stones which were formed largely by the minerals of silica have been established. A brief geological description of the most typical manifestations and deposits of jasper, chalcedony, agate, colored cherts of the North Caucasus is given.
Keywords: industrial stones, jasper, chalcedony, agate, silicon.
Dmitrieva I.Yu., Sayapina А.А., Bagaeva S.S., Gorozhantsev S.V. The earthquake in Dzheyrakh region of the Republic of Ingushetia on May 24, 2020
Abstract. This article provides a brief analysis of an earthquake with KP = 10.6 that occurred on May 24, 2020 in Dzheyrakh region of the Republic of Ingushetia at 12h33m GMT with 4 points of earthquake intensity at the epicenter. Instrumental data on the earthquake hypocenter and macroseismic manifestations are presented. The wave pattern of the seismic signal and the historical seismicity are described, the mechanism of the hypocenter is calculated, and the tectonic position of the epicentral zone is considered.
Keywords: earthquake, waveform, focal mechanism, macroseismic research.
Narozhnyi E.I. G.V. Vladimirov about the time, ways and conditions of distribution of earrings in the form of a question mark in Balkans
Abstract. The review analyzes two monographs by the Bulgarian scientist G.V. Vladimirov, devoted to the study of earrings in the form of a question mark. Both books contain such decorations not only from the territory of Bulgaria, but also from neighboring states: Serbia, Macedonia, the Republic of Kosovo, etc. Rejecting the early medieval genesis of such decorations, the author in some cases does not exclude their introduction by the Alans of the North Caucasus or Cumans, in others - spread through the Golden Horde. In our opinion, the latter option is the most realistic and is supported by other artifacts of Golden Horde origin cited in the book - mirrors, locks in the form of horses, coins, etc.
Keywords: Balkans, the Golden Horde, the North Caucasus, jewelry, earrings in the form of a question mark, the Alans and the Nedzalash burial ground in Hungary.
Dzattiaty R.G. Review of the book by V.A. Kuznetsov “Zmeisky Alans. Funeral Rite and Religion”
Dzidzoev V.D. A word about a colleague. To the 70th anniversary of Stanislav Magometovich Kesaev
Dzitstsoyty Yu.A. For the anniversary of Joy Iosifovna Edelman Kutateladze Semyon Samsonovich is 75 years old
Summer math school
The review of the printed publications of VSC RAS