Khugaev I.S. Experience of the popular anthology of Ossetian short prose: KhokhTlatov. «Dream»
CORNER OF THE MOTHERLAND
Chshiyev V.T., Chshiyeva M.Ch. On the semantics of a number of plot combinations of engraved images on bronze belts of the Tli necropolis of the koban archaeological culture of the Caucasus
Abstract. The article proposes the disclosure of the semantics of a number of plot scenes depicted on the ceremonial and combat bronze belts of the Tli necropolis of the Koban archaeological culture of the Caucasus. According to the authors, they depict a sacred ritual hunt symbolizing the marriage ceremony or the premarital initiations of young men associated with it for the transition to another social status of the ancient society of the Caucasus.
Keywords: Caucasian bronze belts with plot scenes, semantics, sacred hunting, Tli necropolis, Koban archaeological culture of the Caucasus
Kochieva D.A. . Reconstruction of the Image of Wolf-Totem in the Ossetian Language Picture of the World
Abstract. In this article on the basis of lexicographic material, on the material of the OssetianNart epic, the image of the totem ancestor of the Narts, the wolf, is reconstructed. Attention is also paid to the characteristics of the wolf in the pre-Christian and post-Christian periods. The «totemness» of the wolf is proved at the anthroponymic, toponymic, folklore levels and at the level of the wolf's connection with the belief system. On the basis of linguistic material with animalistic components «wolf», the system of values of the Ossets is established.
Keywords: totem, wolf, Nart epic, proverbs and sayings, totemic myths.
Dzugaev K.G. The most important historical, political and legal event in the recent history of South Ossetia
Abstract. The article examines an important episode in the recent history of South Ossetia – the session of the Council of People's Deputies on November 10th, 1989, which transformed the autonomous region into a Republic.
Keywords: Georgian-Ossetian conflict, South Ossetia, Council of People's Deputies, proclamation of the Republic
Коdalaeva Kh.G. The place and role of modern South Ossetia in the interaction between Russia and the Caucasus
Abstract. The article discusses the history of interaction between Russia and the Caucasus and a special place in this Republic of South Ossetia, which since August 2008 was recognized as sovereign by Moscow, and then by a number of other states. In the thesis form, the relationship between Georgians and South Ossetians is analyzed, in which there was quite a lot of interesting and instructive things, but there was even more tragic. Analyzing the national liberation struggle of the South Ossetians against the Tbilisi dictatorship, the author cites interesting and sometimes unique archival, historical and other data that shed light on the complex and long-lasting Georgian-Ossetian relations, considering which the author also touches on Russian-Georgian relations. It is indicated that the Russian Empire at the very beginning of the XIX century from two small and weak principalities in all respects - Kartli - Kakheti and Imereti, Georgia created a virtually new state in the Caucasus with the Russian nomination.
Keywords: Caucasus, Georgia, South Ossetia, Kartli-Kakheti, Imeretian kingdom, Ottoman Empire, Persia, Georgian state, sovereignty, Moscow, Russian Federation.
Tavasiev R.A. Unique Dargavs Basin (Central Caucasus)
Abstract. The article considers the unique structure of the Dargavs intermountain basin, the influence of the ancient Late Pleistocene glacier and lake on changing the morphology of the slopes and features of the lithological structure of the Dargavs basin of the Giseldon gorge of the Central Caucasus.
Keywords: Central Caucasus, intermountain basin, mountain collapse, ancient lakes, lake terraces and sediments, ancient coastal moraine, toponymy
BekkievM.Yu., Dokukin M.D., KalovR.Kh., Shagin S.I. Degradation of glaciers in the Zemegondon river basin (Central Caucasus) in 1957-2021
Abstract. Based on the analysis of multi-time aerial photographs and satellite images, data on the scale and rate of degradation of glaciers in the Zemegondon River basin (Central Caucasus, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania) for the period 1957–2021 are presented. The largest glaciers of the area No. 317 and 270 lost 0.57 km2 and 0.42 km2 of area (59.4% and 45.4%). The decrease in the area of glaciers No. 275, 276 and 278 on the slope of Mount Khalatsa was 64.9-71.5%. The scale of degradation of glacier No. 269 was minimal (35.3%) due to the impact of the 2008 rock avalanche of the ablation-resistant debris cover. Based on the new moraine ridge identified in the period 1975–2007, a conclusion was made about the surge of glacier No. 275 at a distance of about 240 m in 1995.
Keywords: glacier, glacier degradation, terminal moraine ridge, rock avalanche, glacier surge
Gasanov M.A. Economic methods of integrated modeling of the regional infrastructure branches
Abstract. The article discusses the economic methods of complex modeling of infrastructure sectors for the effective and balanced development of the region's economy. At the same time, the purpose of the study is to develop complex models of productive clusters of enterprises and organizations in the industry. Based on the goal, the research tasks are also defined. To analyze the state and prospects for the evolution of the economy of the sectoral component of the problematic subject of the south of Russia from the standpoint of modern challenges and intensification processes.
Keywords: infrastructure, integrated modeling, industries, region, economy
Dokuchaev A.Y., Lobanov K.V., Gurbanov A.G., Kulakov F.V., Kurdyukov E. B., Chicherov M.V., Myasnikov A.V. Polar research under climate changes. (Part 2. 20th century)
Abstract. Documents and geological collections of the Russian Arctic Expedition (RAE, 1900−1902), Hydrographical Expedition to the Arctic Ocean (HEAO, 1910−1915), and other studies in the Arctic provide important evidence of geographic discoveries made in the Arctic on the turn of the 20th century. These studies were carried out under unfavorable weather conditions in still-unexplored parts of the Arctic and facilitated the expansion of Russia's territory. Historical materials in the collections of the Ore and Petrographic Museum at IGEM RAS are related to the names of E.V. Toll (Eduard G. F. von Toll), F.P. Litke, A.V. Kolchak, F.N. Chernyshev, O.O. Baklund (Helge G. Backlund), R.L. Samoilovich, S.V. Obruchev, and many other outstanding scientists, who have greatly contributed to progress in geography, geology, and other Earth sciences. The article considers the issue of factors affecting the change in the ice situation in the Arctic. On the example of the most outstanding expeditions, the history of scientific and practical development of the Northern Sea Route in the conditions of climate change in the 20th century is considered.
Keywords: Arctic, Arctic Ocean, ice situation, climate, expedition, Northern Sea Route
IN THE WORLD OF BOOKS
Dzugaev K.G. Modern treatise on time. Review of the monograph: Lolaev T.P., Gabaraev A.D. Conceptual Times: Their Modern Interpretation, or Is the Mystery of Objective Time Revealed?
Abaturova V.S., Malova I.E. Vladikavkazschool of youth math teachers - a new form of integration of science and education
The review of the printed publications of VSC
Chibirov L.A. Vladimir AlexandrovichKuznetsov – 95 years old
Dzidzoev V.D. Worthy representative national historical science (to the 70th anniversary of the birth of Dr., РrofessorPetrAbramovichKuzminov)