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HISTORY

Khadikova  A.  Kh.  On  the  historical  context  of  the  stereotype  "caucasians"  formation:  the  ethno-cultural  aspect  of  the  problem

Abstract. The article is a historical and anthropological analysis of the heterostereotype “Caucasian” formation in Russia among the Russian ethnopolitical majority. With the involvement of various sources the historical context of ethnic stereotypes formation, its objective preconditions, actual implementations and close relationship with the real life events in the country are presented. The modern mainstreaming and potential resources of ethnic stereotypes in multi-ethnic Russian society are analyzed, specific research areas are proposed.
DOI 10.23671/VNC.2019.4.43311

Chochiev  G.V.  The  influence  of  Еurasian  nomads’  migrations  on  the  ancient  civilizations  of  Аsia  minor

Abstract. The article discusses the main areas and forms of the Eurasian steppe nomads’ influence on the ancient states and societies of Asia Minor. The invasions and migrations of the nomads into the region in the VIII–VI BC left a significant mark on the political and military history of local civilizations and contributed to a certain evolution of their social and economic institutions and enrichment of their culture and art. Despite the scarcity of existing written sources, the archeological achievements in the region in recent years allow to increase our understanding of the nature and extent of this interaction.
DOI 10.23671/VNC.2019.4.43314

ETHNOLOGY

Chibirov L.A., Kusaeva Z.K. Ossetian and Аdyghe Nart parallels

Abstract.The existing similarities and differences between the Ossetian and Adyghe (basically Kabardian) versions of "Nartiada" are analyzed in the article. That said, a critical assessment of the concept of polycentricity (substrate and Caucasian origin of the epic) is given, as well as an existing judgment on the Adyghe center core formation of the Nart epic and the corresponding scientific argument justifying the reliability of Vasiliy I. Abaev’s point that the origins of Nartiada’s formation lead to the legends of the northern Iranian tribes of the Scythians, Sarmatians, Alans.
DOI 10.23671/VNC.2019.4.43315


Salbiev T.K. Тhe sacredness of the ossetian namochennoy chain (the origins and semantics of the cult)

Abstract. The article proposes for the first time a comprehensive solution to the problem of the origin and semantics of the Ossetian cult of the fire-place chain, which is treated in the framework of the mythological approach. The key role is believed to be played by the study of the cult in the inextricable unity of the chain with the fire-place stone and the opening of the chimney. As a result, it is possible to reconstruct the underlying Indo-European archaic myth of the sacred marriage between the Thunderer and the Chthonic character, that leads to the emergence of fire. The historical evolution of this cult, which went through a stage of close interaction with Christianity, is also taken into account together with its social-historical features.
DOI 10.23671/VNC.2019.4.43316

Kulumbegov R.P. «Man» and «woman». gender differences in agricultural labor of ossetians

Abstract. The article deals with the features of division of labor in agricultural life of Ossetians. Gender differences in labor processes determined by physical characteristics of men and women, the adaptability of their psychology to particular work, the taboo of a certain type of work. There existed certain types of work among which in some only men were allowed to take part, while in others it was possible only for women. A number of labor processes contemplated their equal.
DOI 10.23671/VNC.2019.4.43317

POLITICAL SCIENCE

Dzidzoev V.D. Comparative analysis of some indicators (features) of sovereign states (on the example of Abkhazia and South Ossetia)

Abstract. The article analyzes one of the main issues of functioning of sovereign States related to the number (population) of citizens. Analogies of young sovereign States of the South Caucasus, that is, Abkhazia and South Ossetia with small sovereign States recognized by the UN are given. Among them: Brunei, the Principality of Liechtenstein, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Republic of Maldives and others. Developing the concept of sovereign States building on the territory of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, the author gives other arguments in favor of the fact that they all convince of the legitimacy of young States functioning in the South Caucasus. All the abovementioned convinces the author that small Nations (on the example of Abkhazians and South Ossetians) have every right to function their own States in the spheres of economy, politics, culture, etc.
DOI 10.23671/VNC.2019.4.43318

LINGUISTICS

Sattsaev E.B. Non-written iranian languages: a short overview

Abstract. The article is devoted to a review of the non-written languages and dialects of the Iranian group. Iranian languages were spoken by numerous tribes and peoples that played an important role in world history. In the modern period, they are spoken by more than 160 million people. The socio-political status of modern Iranian languages is very different. Most of them are non-written. Their affinity to one another and to developed literary languages manifests itself in different ways. A significant part of the non-written Iranian languages and dialects tend to the Persian language. Among them, the largest are Gilan, Mazanderan, Luri, Bakhtiari, Talysh and Pamir. The majority of non-written Iranian languages are on the verge of extinction. Their scientific significance is important, as they retained archaisms that had disappeared in major Iranian languages.
DOI DOI

Chibirov T.N. Foreignization and domestication: the problem of interpretation of ritual vocabulary in S.K. Gadiev’s story «Azaw» (into russian and english)

Abstract. The article considers the problem of interpretation of ritual vocabulary (on the material of S.K. Gadiev’s story “Azaw”), which is in cultural-connotative peculiarities of the source-language and targetlanguage equivalents. The article stresses that when dealing with the cultural factor in the text, in particular in interpreting ritual or ceremonial vocabulary, the principle of foreignization should be applied as the most appropriate translation (on Eugene Nida), it also acts as a mean of resistant translation that aims to make translator’s work more noticeable by highliting cultural elements of the source-translation and protecting it from the ideological influence of the target culture (on Lawrence Venuti).
DOI 10.23671/VNC.2019.4.43322

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Gurbanov  A.G.,  Leksin  A.B.,  Gazeev  V.M.,  Gurbanova  O.A.,  Lolaev A.B.,  Oganesyan  A.Kh.,  Dzeboev  S.O.  Patterns  in  the  nature  of  the contents  of  macro- and  microelements  distribution  in  the  surface  layer  (0.6 m)  of  the  Fiagdon  tailing  dump  (Republic  of  North  Ossetia-Alania)

Abstract. In the article, based on the results of geochemical studies of 24 samples from buried industrial wastes, taken from the surface layer (0.6 m) of the Fiagdon tailing dump in 4 profiles from west to east up to 800 m and their analysis revealed a number of patterns in the distribution of macro- and microelement contents. The nature of the distribution of the average values of macro- and microelements contents, both within each of the profiles and laterally between the profiles in the surface layer of industrial wastes is not uniform. It is most clearly manifested in the distribution of the maximum values of base metals and metalloids contents (oxides in wt.%, elements - in g/ton). In Profile №1, maximum contents are set at the following sampling points and layers: (top layer is 10 cm in thickness, 2-nd layer is 50 cm in thickness, here and inafter) for: TiO2 = 0.76 and 0.78 at one sampling point in the upper and 2-nd layers, respectively; S = 5.96 at one point in the 2-nd layer; Cu = 372 and 396 at 2 different points in the 2-nd and upper layers; Zn = 2038 and 1487 at 2 different points in the 2-nd and upper layers, respectively; Pb = 3228 and 3199 at 2 different points in the 2-nd layer; As = 1461 and 1313 in 2 different points in the 2-nd and upper layers, respectively.
In Profile №2: TiO2= 0.74 at one point, the third layer with a capacity of 50 cm; S = 8.1 and 7.2 at 2 different sampling points in the upper and second layers, respectively; Cu = 363 at one point in the 2-nd layer; Zn = 655 and 677 at 2 different points in the 2-nd layer; Pb = 2113 and 3824 at 2 different points in the upper and third layers. respectively.
In Profile №3: TiO2 in 2 different points: 0.86 - the top layer, 0.79 and 0.72 - the 2-nd layer; S = 5.26 at one point the upper layer; Zn = 2617 - 2-nd layer at one point; Pb = at 2 different sampling points: 3513 - 2- nd layer and 4017 - top layer; As = at 2 different points: 1401, 1360 - top layer, 2482 and 1596 - 2-nd layer. In Profile №4: TiO2 in 2 different points: 0.86 and 0.76 - the top layer, 0.80 - the 2-nd layer; S at 3 different points: 5.82 and 5.84 - 2-nd layer, 11.18 - top layer; Cu at 2 different points: 450 and 455 - 2-nd layer, 413 - top layer; Zn in 2 different points: 1576 and 1788 - 2-nd layer, 1539 - upper layer; Pb in 2 different points: 3089 and 3283 - the 2-nd layer, 3428 and 4561 - the top layer; As in 2 different points: 1831 - 2-nd layer, 1265 - top layer.
It was established that the average content of base metals and metalloids (Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Ba,Pb) in the surface 0.6 m layer of industrial wastes turned out to be lower than the average content of the same metals in the tailing dump as a whole, calculated from the results of core analyzes of 3 wells drilled to the full thickness of the tailing dump. However, due to the low thickness of the surface layer, this had practically no effect on the decrease in the size of their average contents in the upper storage area as a whole.
DOI 10.23671/VNC.2019.4.43324


Sayapina  A.A.,  Dmitrieva  I.Y.,  Bagaeva  S.S.,  Grichuha  K.V., Gorozhantsev  S.V.  Seismic  activity  near  the  village  of  Mayramadag  in  the  Republic  North  Ossetia-Alanya  in  2019

Abstract. This article presents a study of a series of seismic events that occurred in February 2019 in the area of the village of Mairamadag. It is proved that it represents a swarm of genetically similar earthquakes. The geological and tectonic position of the swarm is described, which finds reflection in focal mechanism of its strongest swarm of earthquakes.
DOI 10.23671/VNC.2019.4.43330

Tavasiyev  R.A.  Glaciers  and  near  glaciers  lakes  basins  of  the  rivers  Fastagdon  and  Iskadon,   Central  Caucasus  Mountains

Abstract. The article provides new data on glaciers and periglacial lakes located in the basins of the Fastagdon and Iskadon Rivers (left tributaries of the Karaugomdon River, left tributary of the Terek River) and the changes that have occurred in the past 52 years. In 1966 there were 7 glaciers and 1 lake in this area. Now there are 15 glaciers and 3 lakes. The forecast of possible natural processes, that might take place here, is given.
DOI 10.23671/VNC.2019.4.43335

Dzhappuev  D.R.,  Gedueva  M.M.  An  overview  of  mudflow  activity  in  the  territory  of  the  Kabardino-Balkarian  Republic  from  2011  to  2017

Abstract. This paper presents the results of field surveillance and fieldworks carried out by the Geographical Research Center of the Kabardino-Balkarian scientific center after the descent of mudflows and floods in the territory of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic from 2011 to 2017. This research is a part of a comprehensive study on exposure of the geosystems to dangerous exogenous processes that is carried out in the Kabardino-Balkarian scientific center of the Russian Academy of Sciences. This study presents and analyzes mudflow and flood activity in terms of its actual danger in the mountainous, submontane and plain parts of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic on the rivers of the Baksan gorge, the Bezengi gorge and the Cherek gorge as well as in the Zolsky district.
DOI 10.23671/VNC.2019.4.43336

SCIENCE - MANUFACTURING

Voropanova  L.A.,  Gagieva  F.A,  Kokoeva  N.B.,  Korobeynikov  D.G., Shanaev  A.A.,  Popov A.A.  Extraction  of  Fe,  Mn,  Cu,  Ni  and  Co  from the  cake  obtained  after  soda  sintering  and  leaching  of  tungsten concentrate

Abstract. Deactivation of buried waste is a complex scientific and technical problem. Leaching methods for metal extraction in the processing of concentrates, middlings and solid waste are known. However, further research on the extraction of non-ferrous metals from the wastes of metallurgical production remains relevant. The cake, obtained after soda sintering and tungsten concentrate leaching of PAO «Pobedit» is distinguished by a high content of iron, calcium, silicon and manganese. The purpose of this study is to create an effective method of more comprehensive extraction from the cake into a solution of Fe, Mn, Cu, Ni, Co and conservation in the cake after leaching Mo, W, Nb, Ta. The oxidation of the cake with oleum followed by leaching with a solution of sulfuric acid can convert into a solution of Mn, Fe, Ni, Co and Cu.
DOI 10.23671/VNC.2019.4.43337

BOOK REVIEWS

Balikoev  T.M.,  Beteeva  M.M.,  Chshieva  M.Ch. The review of V.D. Dzidzoev’s  book  «History  of  the  village  of  Dur-Dur-Tuganovo

SCIENTIFIC LIFE

А  review  of  the  printed  publications  of  the  VSC

ANNIVERSARIES, CONGRATULATIONS

Oldest scientific institution in the North Caucasus – 100 years

25th Anniversary of the Vladikavkaz Scientific Center Russian Academy of Sciences;

Vladislav Borisovich Zaalishvili - 70 years old