Elena Yasynia – great princess of Kievan Rus
Abstract. The article deals with the discovery of Elena Yasynia’s pendent seals. The findings confirm the sources on the daughter of the Prince of the Jasses (Ases-Alans), who married the Russian Prince Yaropolk. Known archaeological and narrative sources make it possible to consider these Jasses as descendants of the Alans, who migrated from the North Caucasus to the Seversky Donets in the middle of the VIII century.
Chshiyev V. T., Chshiyeva М. Ch. The rite of secondary burial at Adaidon necropolis of Koban archaeological culture
Abstract. The article discusses the rite of secondary burial, discovered in a number of early burials in Adaidon burial ground of the Koban culture that belongs to the late bronze age. The analysis of the materials and features of this rite indicates certain similar elements in the spiritual culture of "Koban" population located in the highlands of the present-day North Ossetia – Alania with some burial grounds of the Central Caucasus and Transcaucasia.
Chibirov A.L. Pecularities of the Ossetian national identity
Abstract. The unity of language, culture and traditions was an important factor in bringing together separate Ossetian communities located in the territory of both
North and South Ossetia, as well as in the neighbouring territories. One of the characteristics of the Ossetians, as an ethnos, is that they have no common name, according to V.F. Miller in the 19th century. The same was noted by N.G. Volkova, who claimed that the Ossetians in their own environment are clearly distinguished into two groups: the Irons and Digors. She also considered the Ossetic language lacked a common name for the whole territory of Ossetia. The Ossetians felt national unity for the first time in many years in late 1980s and early 1990s, being under the influence of external threats.
Dzidzoev V.D. Causes of the emergence and demise of the MASSR (Mountainous Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic)
Abstract. The article discusses certain controversial issues of the origin, development and disintegration of the Mountainous ASSR. An entire historiography devoted to various aspects of the Mountainous ASSR has already been created. Although many researchers do not come to a single point of view, both on the issues of its occurrence and on the reasons of its collapse in 1924. The author makes his explanations on the basis of a comprehensive analysis of archival documents and historical sources on these problems.
Oguzova D.A. Circassian society of the late XVIII – first half of the XIX-th century in the context of the ideas of Max Weber
Abstract. In modern historical science, such areas of research as intellectual history and social history are becoming increasingly popular. In this article we are making an attempt to use the ideas of Max Weber – a prominent sociologist of the XX century – in the consideration of the Adyghe society of the traditional period. As part of the" new scientific history", social history has attracted us by its interest in the history of social relations, the history of everyday life, the history of social communities and social conflicts. It is important that the subject of social history includes the sphere of human consciousness, otherwise, the study takes into account the mentality, stereotypes of perception, patterns of behavior of a particular people.
Kumakhova Z.KH. Reflection on the social status of the adyghe woman in the researches of European authors of the XVII–XIX century
Abstract. This article analyses the researches of European travellers who visited the North Caucasus in the period from 17th to 19th centuries, that covered the issue of the status of women in traditional Circassian society. The identified sources are classified according to the plot describing the development of women’s status from infancy to getting the position of the mother of the family. In this article, an attempt has been made to study comprehensively the above-mentioned sources, identifying the Adyghe woman’s aspects of life, which attracted the attention of foreign researchers
Vasileva S.A. «Eternal punishment» as a regulator of illegal conduct of the Englishmen in early modern times
Abstract. The article considers peculiarities of the religious consciousness and mentality of the Englishmen, associated with perception of the «Eternal punishment» in early modern times. Based on preaching sermons of XVII-XVIII centuries, the article analyses the perception, fears and expectations of «eternal punishment», shared by either clergy or laity. The principles of “the new cultural-intellectual history” served as a methodological orienting point in analyzing sermons, that sets as its main task the study of intellectual, social and scientific knowledge in their specifically-historical and socio-cultural context. In the period under review, the threat of «Hell’s torments» and retribution for sins was more effective than the fear of “Earthjustice”. The Union of Church and State was reflected in combination of the following concepts: «divine retribution» and «criminal punishment». The constant actualization of the image of Hell, the interpretation of natural phenomena and epidemic diseases in the concepts of «prevention» and «retribution» by the clergy ensured the maintenance of social order and develop a habit of obedience to the state power. The Anglican faith rejected the doctrine of purgatory; the preachers maintained the conviction that believers should follow such a way of life that would allow them to seek penance and rehabilitation during their mortal lives. The threat of «eternal punishment» for sinners provided the relative obedience to civil laws.