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HUMANITARIAN CHRONOGRAPH

Kosta  Khetagurov. A  letter  to  Tsalikova

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CLASSIC ASSOCIATIONS

Khugaev  I.S. “The  image  of  the  enemy”.  Russophobia  in  the  mirror  of Russian  poetry

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HISTORY

Tuallagov  A.A.  Elena  Yasynia  –  great  princess  of  Kievan  Rus

Abstract. The article deals with the discovery of Elena Yasynia’s pendent seals. The findings confirm the sources on the daughter of the Prince of the Jasses (Ases-Alans), who married the Russian Prince Yaropolk. Known archaeological and narrative sources make it possible to consider these Jasses as descendants of the Alans, who migrated from the North Caucasus to the Seversky Donets in the middle of the VIII century.
DOI 10.23671/VNC.2019.1.27276

Chshiyev  V. T.,  Chshiyeva  М. Ch.  The  rite  of  secondary  burial  at  Adaidon  necropolis  of  Koban  archaeological  culture

Abstract. The article discusses the rite of secondary burial, discovered in a number of early burials in Adaidon burial ground of the Koban culture that belongs to the late bronze age. The analysis of the materials and features of this rite indicates certain similar elements in the spiritual culture of "Koban" population located in the highlands of the present-day North Ossetia – Alania with some burial grounds of the Central Caucasus and Transcaucasia.
DOI 10.23671/VNC.2019.1.27277

Chibirov  A.L.  Pecularities  of  the  Ossetian  national  identity

Abstract. The unity of language, culture and traditions was an important factor in bringing together separate Ossetian communities located in the territory of both North and South Ossetia, as well as in the neighbouring territories. One of the characteristics of the Ossetians, as an ethnos, is that they have no common name, according to V.F. Miller in the 19th century. The same was noted by N.G. Volkova, who claimed that the Ossetians in their own environment are clearly distinguished into two groups: the Irons and Digors. She also considered the Ossetic language lacked a common name for the whole territory of Ossetia. The Ossetians felt national unity for the first time in many years in late 1980s and early 1990s, being under the influence of external threats.
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Dzidzoev  V.D.  Causes  of  the  emergence  and  demise  of  the  MASSR (Mountainous  Autonomous  Soviet  Socialist  Republic)

Abstract. The article discusses certain controversial issues of the origin, development and disintegration of the Mountainous ASSR. An entire historiography devoted to various aspects of the Mountainous ASSR has already been created. Although many researchers do not come to a single point of view, both on the issues of its occurrence and on the reasons of its collapse in 1924. The author makes his explanations on the basis of a comprehensive analysis of archival documents and historical sources on these problems.
DOI 10.23671/VNC.2019.1.27279

Oguzova  D.A.  Circassian  society  of  the  late  XVIII  –  first  half  of  the XIX-th  century  in  the  context  of  the  ideas  of  Max  Weber

Abstract. In modern historical science, such areas of research as intellectual history and social history are becoming increasingly popular. In this article we are making an attempt to use the ideas of Max Weber – a prominent sociologist of the XX century – in the consideration of the Adyghe society of the traditional period. As part of the" new scientific history", social history has attracted us by its interest in the history of social relations, the history of everyday life, the history of social communities and social conflicts. It is important that the subject of social history includes the sphere of human consciousness, otherwise, the study takes into account the mentality, stereotypes of perception, patterns of behavior of a particular people.
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Kumakhova  Z.KH.  Reflection  on  the  social  status  of  the  adyghe woman  in  the  researches  of  European  authors  of  the  XVII–XIX century

Abstract. This article analyses the researches of European travellers who visited the North Caucasus in the period from 17th to 19th centuries, that covered the issue of the status of women in traditional Circassian society. The identified sources are classified according to the plot describing the development of women’s status from infancy to getting the position of the mother of the family. In this article, an attempt has been made to study comprehensively the above-mentioned sources, identifying the Adyghe woman’s aspects of life, which attracted the attention of foreign researchers
DOI 10.23671/VNC.2019.1.27281

Vasileva  S.A.  «Eternal  punishment»  as  a  regulator  of  illegal  conduct of  the  Englishmen  in  early  modern  times

Abstract. The article considers peculiarities of the religious consciousness and mentality of the Englishmen, associated with perception of the «Eternal punishment» in early modern times. Based on preaching sermons of XVII-XVIII centuries, the article analyses the perception, fears and expectations of «eternal punishment», shared by either clergy or laity. The principles of “the new cultural-intellectual history” served as a methodological orienting point in analyzing sermons, that sets as its main task the study of intellectual, social and scientific knowledge in their specifically-historical and socio-cultural context. In the period under review, the threat of «Hell’s torments» and retribution for sins was more effective than the fear of “Earthjustice”. The Union of Church and State was reflected in combination of the following concepts: «divine retribution» and «criminal punishment». The constant actualization of the image of Hell, the interpretation of natural phenomena and epidemic diseases in the concepts of «prevention» and «retribution» by the clergy ensured the maintenance of social order and develop a habit of obedience to the state power. The Anglican faith rejected the doctrine of purgatory; the preachers maintained the conviction that believers should follow such a way of life that would allow them to seek penance and rehabilitation during their mortal lives. The threat of «eternal punishment» for sinners provided the relative obedience to civil laws.
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HISTORY OF SCIENCE

Dokuchaev  A.Ya.,  Krehahn  G.-R.,  Kargin  A.V.,  Kulakov  F.V.,  Kurdyukov  E.B.,  Leksin  A.B.,  Lobanov  K.V.,  Polyakova  M.V., Smol’yaninova  V.N.,  Yutkina  E.V.  The  Russian  polar  expedition  (1901–1902):  Materials  from  the  archive  of  the  Ore  and  petrographic museum  at  IGEM  RAS  (Institute  of  Geology  of  Ore  Deposits  of  the Russian  Academy  of  Sciences)  and  the  library  collection  of geological  literature  at  LNS  RAS  (the  library  on  natural  science  of the  Russian  Academy  of  Sciences).  Part  3.  The  Russian  polar  expedition  (1901-1902):  in  search  of  Sannikov  land

Abstract. The history of the Russian Polar Expedition (RPE, 1900-1902), that was headed by Edward V. Toll and was supposed to find the Sannikov Land and to reach the Bering Strait, is being actively discussed in popular scientific literature. Based on official reports of the Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences, the expedition members’ correspondence and diaries (E.V. Toll, A.V. Kolchak, F.A. Mattisen, A.A. Bialynicki-Birula), the paper discuses the tasks assigned to the expedition and its principal results achieved. The RPE played an important role in the development of the Northern Sea Route and in organization subsequent significant Russian and Soviet Arctic and polar expeditions.
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Manukyan  I.R.,  Abieva  T.S.  The  history  of  selection  and  seed breeding  in  Russia:  the  past  and  the  present

Abstract. The article describes the main stages of selection and seed breeding formation in Russia, as the most important agricultural sector. The pre-revolutionary, Soviet and modern forms of seed breeding organization are being described.
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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Gurbanov  A.G.,  Leksin  A.B.,  Gazeev  V.M.,  Gurbanova  O.A.,  Lolaev A.B.,  Tsukanova  L.E.,  Ilaev  V.E.,  Dzeboev  S.O.,  Oganesyan  O.H. Variations  in  the  content  of  macro- and  microelements  in  vertical sections  of  industrial  wastes  of  the  Fiagdon  tailing  dump  (Republic of  North  Ossetia-Alania)

Abstract. The data obtained by means of the quantitative XRF method on the variations in the content of macro- and microelements in vertical sections of industrial wastes (according to drilling data from three wells) of the Fiagdon tailing dump, for its overall capacity (10 m, 22 m and 31.5 m from the east to the west, respectively). The tailing pond of the Fiagdon concentrating factory (FCF) is located in the floodplain of the Hanikom-don river (the right tributary of the Fiagdon river, in 2.5 km to the north from the Verkhnyi Fiagdon village). The area of the tailing dump is about 56 000 sq.m. According to the FCF data about 2.4 million tons of industrial waste were buried in the tailing dump with the content (in mass%): Pb - 0.19 - reserves - 4560 tons; Zn - 0.36 - reserves - 8400 tons; Cu - 0.12 - reserves - 2880 tons; Fe - 6.8 - reserves - 163200 tons; Ti- 0.16 - reserves - 3840 tons; Mn - 0,14 - reserves - 3,360 tons; Ag - 4.0 g / t. - reserves - 9.6 tons. Variations in the distribution of the content of macro- and microelements in vertical sections on the entire thickness of the tailings in different parts of it from the east to the west (800 m in the lateral) lies in the fact that there is an increase in the content along the vertical section occurs: TiO2, Fe2O3, S, Cu, Zn, Rb, Sr, Zr, Ba, Pb, As and there is also a decrease in the content of: MnO, Cr, V, Ni, Y. Based on the calculated average values of the contents of a number of elements in the core of wells the following lateral variations in their distribution from east to west were revealed for the first time: - gradual decrease in content for (oxides in mass%, for the elements in g/t hereinafter): TiO2 (0.81-0.72-0.61), P2O5 (0.127-0.117-0.110), Cr (102-89.8-77) , V (127-100.9-96), Co (13.7-13.3-11), Ni (34.7-31-29), Cu (388-358-353), Zn (1944-1930-1687), Rb (187- 158-132), Zr (179-158-128), Ba (659-572-544), Pb (3045-2816-2165); - gradual increase in content for: S (2.22-2.55-2.91), As (904-1181-1333); - gradual increase in content in the central part and its decrease in the western part for: MnO (0.19-0.31-0.12), Fe2O3 (8.72-9.68-6.92); - gradual decrease in content in the center of the storage and an increase on its western part for: Sr (61.9-54.5-116), Nb (10.8-7.4-9.8). Due to the fact that our new data obtained exceeds the average levels of content used by the Fiagdon GOK for calculating the metal reserves stored in the tailing pond, their conditional reserves should change as follows: Pb content was 0.19% became 0.267 reserves were 4560 tons became - 6408 tons; Zn - the content was 0.36% became 0.2 the reserves were 8400tons. and became - 4667 tons; Cu - the content was 0.12% became 0.038 the reserves were 2880tonsbecame 912 tons; Fe- the content was 6.8 % became 9.04 the reserves were 163200tons. became 216960ons, Ti - the content was 0.16% became 0.71%, the reserves were 3840 tons became 17040 tons; Mn - the content was 0.14% became 0.235 the reserves were 3360 tons became - 5640 tons. After receiving the research results of t of all yet unanalyzed samples (35 samples from the core of the wells and 24 samples from the surface layer [0.3-0.5 m] of the tailing dump), reserves of a number of metals may still increase, which will make the development of the full waste utilization method, with the preliminary extraction of economically valuable and environmentally hazardous elements, a more attractive measure from an economic perspective.
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Tavasiyev  R.A.  Glaсial  mudflow  from  the  unique  glacier  of  the Caucasus

Abstract. There is a soil road that runs to the well-known in the Republic North Ossetia-Alania mineral water source Hilak mineral. In summer in cloudless hot weather at the same place, it is washed away by a mud stream. This mud stream causes a storage pond on the river and the formation of a lake. In inspecting the mudflow origination site previously unknown glacier of a new morphological type – armored complex valley-growing glacier was revealed. Its melt water is the very reason of a mudflows descent.
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Muzaev  I.D.,  Sozanov  V.G.  To  the  problem  of  glacial  mudflows emergence

 Abstract. The article considers peculiarities of glacial mudflows formation. Criteria conditions of stability (instability) of the glacial massif in terms of seismic influence on the glacial massif are established. Data on glacial mudflows is provided. The development described in the article allow to estimate the danger of glacial mudflow emergence under certain physical and geographical conditions.
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Kebalova  L.A.,  Cheldiyeva  M.T.  Morbidity  dynamics  of  the  population of  the  Republic  of  North  Ossetia-Alania  from  2005  to  2015

Abstract. The article analyses morbidity of the population of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania for ten-year period from 2005 to 2015. Indicators on the main nosological classes revealed for the first time are given. Comparative assessment of morbidity of the population on administrative areas of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania is given. Probable reasons of the increase in overall morbidity of the population are identified.
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IN MEMORY OF THE SCIENTIST

Adam  Maremovich  Nakhushev

BOOK REVIEWS

Dzidzoyev  V.D.,  Yermekbay  J. A. The  review  of  Z.  Isakieva’s  book  «The contribution  of  the  Chechens  and  Ingush  to  the  development  of  the mining  industry  of  Kazakhstan  1944–1957»

SCIENTIFIC LIFE

Vladikavkaz  regional  site.  VIII  All-Russian  Science  Festival

А  review  of  the  printed  publications  of  the  VSC

GRIEVE

Zhores  Alferov