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HUMANITARIAN CHRONOGRAPH

Dzasokhov  G.I.   Dostoevsky  and  Nietzsche

Abstract. DzasokhovGrigoryIvanovich (GigoBatcherievich) (was born on August 14th, 1880, in a village Georgievsko-Ossetinskoe and died on October 18th, 1918, at the same place) is an Ossetian revolutionary and social activist, publicist and educator. He was one of the founders of literary-critical and critical-biographical genre in the Ossetian literature. He was the author of the first profile on KostaKhetagurov, literary-critical articles on N.A. Nekrasov, A.P. Chekhov, M. Gorky’s works and ideological currents of the Russian literature in the early 20th century.
The reader is reffered to the text of a public lecture, which were given by Dzasokhov in spring and summer of 1910 in Azov. The issue that was considered by Dzasokhov had concerned at the time V. Solovyov, L. Shestova, N. Berdyaev and other thinkers, and is still on the philosophical and humanitarian agenda, because it relates to the dilemmas of moral human history.

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATIONS

Khugaev  I.S.  The  poetics  of  politics,  or  dirty  case  and  clean  hands

HISTORY OF SCIENCE

DokuchaevA.Ya.,  Krehahn  G.-R.,  Kargin  A.V.,  Kulakov  F.V.,  Kurdyukov  E.B.,  Leksin A.B.,  Lobanov  M.V.,  Polyakova   K.V., Smol'yaninova  V.N., and  YutkinaE.V.   Part 1.  The  Russian   polar expedition  (1901–1902):  goals  and  objectives

Abstract. The archive of the Ore and Petrographic Museum of the Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy, and Geochemistry (IGEM) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, preserves files inherited from the Geological and Mineralogical Museum named after Peter the Great of the Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences with unique documents written in the Russian, German, and Italian languages by numerous outstanding Russian and foreign researchers. The Library of Geological Literature of the Library on Natural Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences (BEN RAN) is based on the prints, journals and books from the library at the Mineralogical Museum, which was founded in 1880 by Acad. F. B. Schmidt.
Based on personal correspondence between the Head of the Russian Polar Expedition (RPE) E.V. Toll (also spelled as Tol) and the Presiding Officer of the Specialized Commission on Equipment for RPE at the Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences Acad. F.B. Schmidt, is held in the museum’s archives, covers the events for the first time, that affected the achievement of the RPE objectives.

LITERATURE STUDIES

Mamieva  I.V.   Ivan  Yalguzidze  (IuaneGabaraev)  –  the  forerunner  of the  mountain  education

Abstract. The article examines the stages and aspects of the personal and creative formation of I. Gabaraev (Yalguzidze), a prominent Ossetian figure of the end of the late 18th – the first third of the 19th century, with the aim of consistently substantiating the fact of his pioneering in the most important spheres of the enlightenment movement in the North Caucasus. A number of discrepancies inhis biographical information are noted, some corrections and clarifications are introduced. An analysis of the body of educational texts corpus is presented, in which a special emphasis is placed on the autobiographical narrative as a set of imperatives that form the type of enlightenment personality.

Pukis   V.S.  Materials  to  the  bibliography  of  Kh.-M.  Muguev’s  works translations (to  the  50th  anniversary  since  the  writer’s  death)

Abstract. The article presents the bibliography of Kh.-M. Muguev’s novels and essays translations into Bulgarian, Czech, German, Hungarian, Romanian, Polish and Slovak. The Hungarian translation has a more detailed description in the Russian edition of the essay “A Little Farmstead”, that is hitherto unknown (in translation it has the following titles – “Béla Kun in Kuban,” “A Merry Story”), which tells about a Hungarian communist figure B. Kun’s visit to the Kuban state farm Khutorok in 1936 (?).

JOURNALISM

Kodalaeva  Kh.G.  The  Georgian-Ossetian  conflict  of  1989–1992  in  the context  of  evolutionary  processes  in  the  media  of  the  Republic  of North  Ossetia-Alania

Abstract.This article aims to analyze Georgian-Ossetian conflict of 1989–1992 in the context of the evolutionary processes in the mass media of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania. Within the specified period the most informative publications on the pages of the republican press is analyzed(«Severnaya Ossetia» – «North Ossetia», «Rastdzinad» - «The Truth», «Slovo» – «The Word») where the causes and and essence of the Georgian national-extremists circles’ criminal acts are demonstrated. The article suggests mechanisms for this complex issue studying on the materials of local press.

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

GurbanovA.G., Kusraev A.G., Lolaev A.B., Leksin A.B., Oganesyan A.Kh., Dzeboev S.O., Gazeev V.M., Dokuchaev A.Ya., Tsukanova L.E., Gurbanova O.A., Ilaev V.E., Baranova M.N.  The  main  sources  of  water pollution  in  the  river  Ardon,  its  degree  and  scale,  the  evaluation based  on  the  results  of  geochemical  study  water  samples  from control  points  (RNO-A: The Republic of North Ossetia-Alania)

Abstract. The article proves that the main source with the greatest degree of technogenic water pollution of the river Ardon water are tailing ponds with a «protective» lake and and abnormally polluted water, that is drained through the drainage system into the river Ardon, whereas its tributaries (the rivers Sadonka, Arhondon, Unaldon) are of secondary importance in this process. According to the sampling taken in the area from the river Ardon to the town Alagir, currently the extent of pollution is estimated in 20 km (from Unalsky tailing pond up to the town of Alagir) and in 30 km (from the mouth of Sadonka river up to the town of Alagir). Due to the lack of wells or springs for drinking water in alluvial aquifers of the Ardon river valley, on the section from tailing pond and downstream to Alagir (which is situated on the plain), the degree of their pollution is still unknown due to infiltration of abnormally polluted water of the «protective» lake (from wind erosion) and underground hydrosphere in which ecologically dangerous elements can accumulate. The revealed variation in concentrations of macro and micro elements in the waters of the «protective» lake result from the fact that except for ores from SLZC (Sadon Lead-Zinc Combine) in MODF (Mizur Ore-Dressing Factory) could have been processed cakes from “Electrozinc” and from other plants, containing As, Bi, Sb, V, Cr, B, Mo, W. Different speed currents of the Ardon river in the canyon (2.3 m/s from the tailing pond to the Tamisk resort) and in the plain (1.6-1.5 m/s in the vicinity of the town of Alagir) could have led to differentiated deposition of fine-dispersed tailing material in the bottom sediments. Their capacity, and accordingly, the polluting effect on the water of the river in the canyon will be less then at the river’s way out onto the piedmont plain, which is confirmed by the results of geochemical studies.

Popov  K.P.  The  gate  of  the  nature

Abstract. . In this article described notable and important issues for the nature and human activities, concerning natural gateways – on rivers (canyons), in the seas, lakes and mountains. Some of them since ancient times had served as passages for people. Others, which are less known, are situated in the rugged mountains (passes etc.) and are used just by some tourists. Hydropower stations have been constructed in narrow river passages (river gateways). Communication lines, wild animals’ paths and migratory routes of plants pass through natural gateways. Some of them have significant paleogeographic importance for reconstructing natural conditions of the past.

AGRICULTURE

Manukyan   I.R.,  Basieva  M.A.,  Kudzaeva  L.G.  Breeding  evaluation  of winter  triticale  gene  pool  of  the  IPI  (All-Russian Research Institute of Plant  Industry)  world  collection  in  the  conditions  of  piedmont  zone of  the  North  Caucasus

Abstract. In this article winter triticale varieties of the IPI (All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Industry named after N.I. Vavilov) world collection on the complex of agronomic characters are described. The sources of grain, short-stemness, sustainability to FHB (Fusarium head blight) high productivity have been identified. A collection of the initial material for the selection of the winter triticale varieties, adapted to the conditions of the piedmont zone of the North Caucasus has been made.

Boliyeva Z.A. Potato hybrids of GGAU (Mountainous State Agrarian University of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania) selection, containing wild genes in the pedigree line

Abstract. The success of breeding depends mainly on the correct approach to the choice of the parent couple, which will ensure the formation of seedlings with complementary-valuable traits, however, in the process of obtaining the hybrid progeny, the majority of seedlings are rejected due to the low yield, and also because of different morphobiological features, that do not meet the requirements of releasing high-quality raw material for the variety creation. Considering prospects of using varieties, containing wild genes in the pedigree line for acquiring hybrid progeny resistant to fungal, viral diseases, heat and drought, we carried out the crossbreeding in 2011 in the ecological conditions of the mountainous zone of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania (GornyKurtat village, Alagir district, 1400 m. a. s. l.).

Dzhibilov  S.M.,  Gulueva  L.R.    New  means  of  mechanization  for improving  the  productivity  of  mountainous  forage  lands

Abstract. The article presents a new method and a laboratory model of the unit, which allows to mechanize labor-intensive work in the mountain terrains. The presented technology makes it possible to improve the species composition of herbs in meadows and pastures, to increase labor productivity and yields, to improve the water and air regime of the soil, and reduce degradation processes.

PEOPLE OF SCIENCE

Chshiyev   V.T.  Recalling  professor  B.V. Tehov

Abstract. The article presents a short biography, creative and scientific career of the prominent scientist – caucasiologist, professor, Doctor of Historical Sciences B.V. Tehov. The paper presents a list of archaeological monuments researched by B.V. Tehov, and provides a list of the scientist’s main works.

Kuzminov  P.A.  He  devoted  his  life  to   science  (Viktor Vladimirovich Chernous (17.10.1949 – 8.02.2018))

Abstract. Viktor VladimirovichChernous, the Director of the Center for Systemic Regional Studies and Forecasting of the IPPK (the Institute of Retraining and Qualifications Upgrading) of the Southern Federal University and ISPI RAN (the Institute of Socio-Political Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences). He is the author of more than 400 scientific and educational publications, including 15 monographs, more than 20 textbooks and teaching aids. One of the largest specialists in the history of Russian-Caucasian relations, civilizational and cultural dialogue, modern socio-cultural and ethnopolitical processes in the North Caucasus and the South of Russia.

BOOK REVIEWS

Dzidzoev  V.D.  The   review  of  D.I.   Gabachiev’s  book   «The  Epoch   of   B.  Kabaloev  in   the  History   of  Ossetia»

SCIENTIFIC LIFE

The  review  of  the  printed  publications  of  VNC